ashworth college BU360 online exam 1 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 1 – 75.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 o

ashworth college BU360 online exam 1 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 1 – 75.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA corporation’s issue management activities are usually linked to:A. the board of directors.B. top management.C. both the board of directors and top management levels.D. the strategic governance committee.Question 2 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe emergence of a public issue indicates that:A. a gap has developed between what stakeholders expect and what an organization is actually doing.B. technology is forcing ethics and business strategy closer together.C. consumers are unaware of how an organization’s actions affect them.D. All of the aboveQuestion 3 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich statement is NOT correct about the business-society interdependence?A. Business is a part of society.B. Business is separated from the rest of society by clear boundaries.C. Business activities impact other activities in society.D. Actions by governments rarely significantly affect business.Question 4 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe components of a typical issues management process include:A. identify issue.B. generate options.C. take action.D. All of the aboveQuestion 5 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsFirms that believe they can make decisions unilaterally, without taking into consideration their impact on others are __________ companies.A. interactiveB. proactiveC. reactiveD. inactiveQuestion 6 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAccording to management scholar Karl Albrecht, scanning to acquire environmental intelligence should focus on:A. eight strategic radar screens.B. six management templates.C. eight process improvement models.D. six ethical decision indicators.Question 7 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen a community group sues a company for health effects caused by the unsafe disposal of toxic chemicals, this is an exercise of a stakeholder’s __________ power.A. legalB. votingC. economicD. politicalQuestion 8 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsA stakeholder analysis:A. creates equality among all stakeholder interests.B. allows managers to examine two primary questions.C. involves understanding the nature of stakeholder interests.D. All of the aboveQuestion 9 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsOnce an organization has implemented the issue management program, it must:A. use trade associations or consultants to follow high priority issues.B. study the results and make necessary adjustments.C. not limit the number of public issues the firm can address.D. pick a selected number of issues to address immediately.Question 10 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAll of the following are external stakeholders of the firm EXCEPT:A. managers.B. customers.C. stockholders.D. suppliers.Question 11 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe instrumental argument says stakeholder management is:A. a more realistic description of how companies really work.B. more effective as a corporate strategy.C. simply the right thing to do.D. determined by the amount of stock owned in the firm.Question 12 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA corporation working collaboratively with other businesses and concerned persons and organizations is an example of stakeholder:A. networks.B. motivation.C. systems.D. salience.Question 13 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsThe “graying†of the population is an example of __________ environment.A. customerB. competitorC. economicD. socialQuestion 14 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe drivers of stakeholders of engagement are:A. scanning, assessment, and growth.B. data, strategy, and organizational development.C. goals, motivation, and operational capacity.D. financial, operational, and legal.Question 15 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsStakeholders have been able to form international coalitions more successfully through the use of:A. government regulation.B. community involvement.C. communications technology.D. unions.Question 16 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe role of special interest groups is an important element in acquiring intelligence from the __________ environment.A. customerB. competitorC. economicD. socialQuestion 17 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe issue management process has how many stages?A. ThreeB. FourC. FiveD. SixQuestion 18 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsStakeholder groups can include:A. stockholders.B. the media.C. environmental activists.D. All of the aboveQuestion 19 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsCustomer environmental intelligence includes:A. demographic factors.B. an analysis of the firm’s competitors.C. new technological applications.D. the cost of producing consumer goods.Question 20 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe five types of stakeholders’ power recognized by most experts are:A. voting, economic, political, legal, and informational power.B. social, legal, environmental, economic, and political power.C. social, regulatory, voting, governance, and media power.D. economic, media, legal, stockholder, and political power.ashworth college BU360 online exam 2 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 1 – 95.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe attention to corporate citizenship addressed this company’s mission: “doing well by doing good.â€A. TimberlandB. FedExC. AvonD. The Body ShopQuestion 2 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAll of the following are examples of the phases of Corporate Social Responsibility EXCEPT:A. Corporate/Global Citizenship.B. Corporate Charity Principle.C. Corporate Social Stewardship.D. Corporate/Business Ethics.Question 3 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAs of 2012, the B Corporation status has been legally recognized in how many states?A. All 50 statesB. The original 13 statesC. Fifteen statesD. Seven statesQuestion 4 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsPositive reputation can be valued as an intangible corporate:A. asset.B. liability.C. charity.D. expense.Question 5 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsStakeholder partnerships, high-tech communication networks, and sustainability audits are examples of:A. Corporate social stewardship.B. Corporate social responsiveness.C. Corporate/Business Ethics.D. Corporate/Global Citizenship.Question 6 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsProponents against corporate social responsibility feel that public officials, NOT business people, should solve societal problems because:A. business people do not have the skill-set to solve societal problems.B. the private sector is not mandated to solve these issues.C. Both A and BD. None of the aboveQuestion 7 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporate social responsibility (CSR) means that a corporation should:A. always forgo profit for the sake of the environment.B. be held accountable for any of its actions that affect people, their communities, and their environment.C. abandon its other missions.D. put social responsibilities ahead of economic or legal responsibilities.Question 8 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen a person or group of people identify a social need and use their entrepreneurial skills to address this need, this process is called social:A. stewardship.B. entrepreneurship.C. optimism.D. responsibility.Question 9 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe iron law of responsibility says that:A. in the long run, those who do not use power responsibly will lose it.B. in the short run, sacrifice social goals for economic goals.C. law is most important, more than social or economic responsibility.D. in the long run, economic responsibility leads to social responsibility.Question 10 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA company who complies with the laws and regulations set by the government is:A. meeting the minimum level of social responsibility expected by the public.B. meeting the maximum level of social responsibility expected by the public.C. not meeting government expectation.D. following a practice of enlightened self-interest.Question 11 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following companies is being the most socially responsible?A. A company trying its best to operate in a way which will help local students get education and jobs.B. A company halting its production of toxic gases after it discovered that people objected to this practice and threatened legal action.C. A company trying to maximize its profits and then contributing to an environmental protection fund.D. A company changing its product design to comply with regulatory mandates.Question 12 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is an argument in favor of corporate social responsibility?A. Lowers economic efficiency and profitB. Discourages government regulationC. Places responsibility on business rather than individualsD. Imposes unequal costs among competitorsQuestion 13 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen businesses bring products and services to the many people in the world who have traditionally been beyond the reach of global commerce, they are said to be:A. serving the top of the triangle.B. reaching the bottom of the globe.C. serving the bottom of the pyramid.D. focusing on the ends of the supply chain.Question 14 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporate power refers to the capability of __________ based on their organizational resources.A. competitors to influence legislation, trade, and the stock marketB. politicians to influence corporations, employees, and unionsC. corporations to influence government, the economy, and societyD. CEOs to influence product development, employee morale, and currency indicesQuestion 15 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAccording to Barlow v. A.P. Smith Manufacturing:A. the laws prohibited charitable contributions, at that time.B. charitable contributions were bad corporate investments for the short term.C. socially responsible actions must be approved by a majority of thefirm’s stakeholders.D. socially responsible actions are an investment in the future, thus anallowable expense.Question 16 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporations have a role in establishing their community’s:A. tax base.B. safety.C. economic growth.D. All of the aboveQuestion 17 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following statements is true about corporate social responsibility?A. Businesses should monitor and prevent social problems in advance of their becoming major issues.B. A company should seek maximum profits from its operations in order to provide the best for society.C. Corporations should be accountable for any actions that affect people, their communities, and the environment.D. Both A and C, but not BQuestion 18 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsGrameen Bank in Bangladesh is one of the most recognized:A. B Corporations.B. microfinance institutions.C. yogurt producers.D. retail providers.Question 19 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsModern corporations should be socially responsible because they:A. are responsible to the stockholders of the company.B. create jobs, influencing the lives of employees.C. are highly profitable.D. generate dividends for the company stockholders.Question 20 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsBusiness leaders, like automaker Henry Ford, developed what programs to support the recreational and health needs of their employees?A. Corporate social responsibility programsB. Corporate citizenship programsC. Social networking programsD. Paternalistic programsashworth college BU360 online exam 2 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 1 – 50.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT a driver of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phase of Corporate Social Responsibility?A. Religious/ethnic beliefsB. Social unrest/protestC. Stakeholder pressuresD. Public policy/government regulationsQuestion 2 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen a person or group of people identify a social need and use their entrepreneurial skills to address this need, this process is called social:A. stewardship.B. entrepreneurship.C. optimism.D. responsibility.Question 3 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsPhilanthropic funding and public relations are two examples of which corporate social responsibility?A. Drivers of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phaseB. Policy instruments of the Corporate Social Stewardship phaseC. Policy instruments of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phaseD. Drivers of the Charity Principle phaseQuestion 4 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsThe iron law of responsibility says that:A. in the long run, those who do not use power responsibly will lose it.B. in the short run, sacrifice social goals for economic goals.C. law is most important, more than social or economic responsibility.D. in the long run, economic responsibility leads to social responsibility.Question 5 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporate social responsibility (CSR) means that a corporation should:A. always forgo profit for the sake of the environment.B. be held accountable for any of its actions that affect people, their communities, and their environment.C. abandon its other missions.D. put social responsibilities ahead of economic or legal responsibilities.Question 6 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsProponents against corporate social responsibility feel that public officials, NOT business people, should solve societal problems because:A. business people do not have the skill-set to solve societal problems.B. the private sector is not mandated to solve these issues.C. Both A and BD. None of the aboveQuestion 7 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsSince 1994, between __________ percent of the Americans polled every year or so said that big business had too much power.A. 20 and 30B. 40 and 50C. 60 and 70D. 80 and 90Question 8 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporations have a role in establishing their community’s:A. tax base.B. safety.C. economic growth.D. All of the aboveQuestion 9 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsPositive reputation can be valued as an intangible corporate:A. asset.B. liability.C. charity.D. expense.Question 10 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsThe concept of corporate social responsibility is rooted in __________, creating a commitment to give back to society and the organization’s stakeholders.A. enlightened self interestB. the meaning “to pledge backâ€C. serving the bottom of the pyramidD. social stewardshipQuestion 11 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsThe attention to corporate citizenship addressed this company’s mission: “doing well by doing good.â€A. TimberlandB. FedExC. AvonD. The Body ShopQuestion 12 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA company who complies with the laws and regulations set by the government is:A. meeting the minimum level of social responsibility expected by the public.B. meeting the maximum level of social responsibility expected by the public.C. not meeting government expectation.D. following a practice of enlightened self-interest.Question 13 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsScholars have found __________ between social and financial performance.A. no relationshipB. a negative relationshipC. an inverse relationshipD. a positive associationQuestion 14 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsAll of the following are examples of the phases of Corporate Social Responsibility EXCEPT:A. Corporate/Global Citizenship.B. Corporate Charity Principle.C. Corporate Social Stewardship.D. Corporate/Business Ethics.Question 15 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAs of 2012, the B Corporation status has been legally recognized in how many states?A. All 50 statesB. The original 13 statesC. Fifteen statesD. Seven statesQuestion 16 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen undertaking social initiatives, a company:A. must take out social responsibility insurance.B. will always receive long-term profits.C. may sacrifice short-term profits.D. risks going bankrupt in nearly all cases.Question 17 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following statements is true about corporate social responsibility?A. Businesses should monitor and prevent social problems in advance of their becoming major issues.B. A company should seek maximum profits from its operations in order to provide the best for society.C. Corporations should be accountable for any actions that affect people, their communities, and the environment.D. Both A and C, but not BQuestion 18 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsIn the 1960s-1970s, social responsibility was primarily focused on:A. Corporate Social Stewardship.B. Corporate Social Responsiveness.C. Corporate/Business Ethics.D. Corporate/Global Citizenship.Question 19 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsCorporate power refers to the capability of __________ based on their organizational resources.A. competitors to influence legislation, trade, and the stock marketB. politicians to influence corporations, employees, and unionsC. corporations to influence government, the economy, and societyD. CEOs to influence product development, employee morale, and currency indicesQuestion 20 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAccording to Barlow v. A.P. Smith Manufacturing:A. the laws prohibited charitable contributions, at that time.B. charitable contributions were bad corporate investments for the short term.C. socially responsible actions must be approved by a majority of thefirm’s stakeholders.D. socially responsible actions are an investment in the future, thus anallowable expense.ashworth college BU360 online exam 3 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 1 – 95.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT an example of a white-collar crime?A. EmbezzlementB. Check fraudC. TheftD. Money launderingQuestion 2 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsBusiness executives are finding that a trusting, ethical relationship with a business partner is:A. best left to not-for-profit companies.B. too costly to maintain.C. likely to cause legal problems.D. often essential in conducting business.Question 3 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhy should business be ethical?A. Most people want to act in ways that are consistent with their own sense of right and wrong.B. Ethical behavior protects business firms from abuse by unethical employees and competitors.C. Society’s stakeholders expect it from businesses.D. All of the above.Question 4 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA bottom-line mentality in business is reflected in which statement?A. “I want it.â€B. “We have to beat the others at all costs.â€C. “Help yourself and those closest to you.â€D. “Foreigners have a funny notion of what’s right and wrong.â€Question 5 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA giant step is taken toward improving ethical performance throughout the company when:A. the firm hires a university ethics professor to lecture employees on moral philosophy.B. the Justice Department launches an investigation of the firm’s pricing practices.C. senior-level managers signal to employees that they believe ethics is a high priority.D. a consumer hot line is created and staffed 24 hours a day.Question 6 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsUnder the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, corporations are required to:A. have executives vouch for the accuracy of a firm’s financial reports.B. have their audit committee comprised of only executives employed by the firm.C. collect reimbursements from the U.S. government if financial restatements occur.D. All of the aboveQuestion 7 of 200.0/ 5.0 PointsAt the core of rights reasoning is the belief that:A. the company’s right to a profit must be protected.B. respecting others is the essence of human rights.C. the right to join a union is no longer universally accepted.D. economic and political powers determine who is right.Question 8 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsIn a 2010 study of 400 companies, what percentage of firms said the benefits of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act outweighed its costs?A. 12%B. 33%C. 55%D. 70%Question 9 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsPeople’s ethical beliefs come from:A. legislative action and judicial decisions.B. reading the company’s profit and loss statements.C. their religious background, family, and education.D. the organization’s code of ethics.Question 10 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsCross-cultural contradictions arise due to:A. the emergence of a developing country’s economic power.B. religious differences practiced by business executives.C. differences between home and host countries’ ethical standards.D. All of the aboveQuestion 11 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAristotle argued:A. self-control is the most virtuous of values.B. faith is a road to charity and modesty.C. moral virtue is a mean between two virtues.D. high-mindedness delivers human integrity.Question 12 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsBusinesses are expected to be ethical in their relationships with:A. stockholders.B. customers.C. competitors.D. All of the aboveQuestion 13 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsUnder the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, if a firm has developed a strong ethics program, corporate executives found guilty of criminal activity may have their sentence:A. increased.B. reduced.C. unaffected.D. decided by the company.Question 14 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen a bank employee makes trades using the firm’s money without its authorization, the practice is called:A. rogue accounting.B. rogue trading.C. Ponzi scheme.D. imbalanced banking.Question 15 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe unspoken understanding among employees of what is and is not acceptable behavior is called:A. ethical climate.B. efficiency.C. success.D. rites and rituals.Question 16 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsAll of the following values are present in most ethical decisions EXCEPT:A. be fair and just.B. be respectful.C. act responsibly.D. be honest.Question 17 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsA just or fair ethical decision occurs when:A. the rights of all effected are considered.B. the greatest good for those with power is achieved.C. benefits and burdens are distributed equally.D. the outcome benefits the decision maker.Question 18 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen the benefits of an action outweigh its costs, the action is considered ethically preferred according to:A. utilitarian reasoning.B. virtue ethics.C. theological reasoning.D. Plato and Aristotle.Question 19 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsThe main drawback to utilitarian reasoning is that:A. the majority may override the rights of those in the minority.B. managers using this reasoning process often fail to consider the means taken to reach the end.C. it is difficult to accurately measure both costs and benefits.D. cost-benefit calculations can only be provided by accountants.Question 20 of 205.0/ 5.0 PointsBy law, the financial records of publicly held companies are required to be:A. managed by an accounting department of at least 5 CPAs.B. summarized in the employee manual for new hires.C. reviewed quarterly by the IRS.D. audited by a certified professional accounting firm.ashworth college BU360 online exam 5 latest 2016 januaryPart 1 of 2 – 80.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsManagers responding to the needs of the local education system as anormal or routine aspect of its operations are an example of anorganization in the _______ stage of global corporate citizenshipA. innovativeB. integratedC. transformingD. engagedQuestion 2 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsGlobal audit social standards concentrate on:A. internally-focused economic benefits for the firm.B. externally-focused social benefits for the environment.C. externally-focused social benefits for key stakeholders.D. All of the aboveQuestion 3 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsA society where economic power is concentrated in the hands of government officials and political authorities is called a:A. central state control system.B. social democracy.C. political control system.D. military dictatorship.Question 4 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsAccording to Philip H. Mirvis’ and Bradley K. Googins’ model, how many stages are there of global corporate citizenship?A. ThreeB. FiveC. SevenD. TwelveQuestion 5 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsGlobal market channels involve a firm producing goods in:A. their home country and exporting them to other countries.B. their home country to sell at home.C. a foreign country to sell at home.D. a foreign country to sell abroad.Question 6 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsThe most important agreement which codifies human rights is the:A. American Civil Liberties Act.B. Versailles Treaty.C. Universal Declaration of Human Rights.D. U.S. Declaration of Independence.Question 7 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsA firm that has global operations has:A. all of their manufacturing and service operations abroad.B. some or all of their manufacturing or service operations abroad.C. manufacturing but not service operations abroad.D. service but not manufacturing operations abroad.Question 8 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsA firm that would like to develop a global supply chain would:A. manufacture components or supplies in other countries.B. sell raw materials, components, or supplies produced at home or abroad.C. purchase raw materials, components, or supplies from sellers in other countries.D. check products that were manufactured abroad for defects in their home country.Question 9 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsGovernment’s role is to create and enforce laws that:A. control businesses’ actions in society.B. protect businesses’ interest in society.C. protect society from business.D. balance the relationship between business and society.Question 10 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsThe term “race to the bottom†refers to:A. seeking to mine rich minerals from the bottom of the ocean.B. moving production jobs to the country with the lowest labor cost.C. efforts to deconstruct the assembly process in manufacturing industries.D. an old concept of globalization that is no longer relevant.Question 11 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsThere remain regional differences in the corporate citizenship challenges facing businesses due to:A. globalization.B. differences in attitudes, beliefs, and culture.C. differences in CEOs’ opinions on corporate citizenship.D. stakeholder demands.Question 12 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsTechnological innovation has aided the spread of globalization by:A. building advanced technologies that can be sold in the global marketplace.B. building advanced technologies that can be bought in the global marketplace.C. leveling the playing field and allowing all to participate on an equal footing in global commerce.D. All of the aboveQuestion 13 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsGlobal corporate citizenship is more than espoused values, it requires:A. action.B. bankruptcy.C. expression.D. enhancement.Question 14 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsAn example of a Global Action Network, or GAN, is:A. the World Trade Organization.B. nongovernmental organizations.C. the Kimberley Process.D. the Heritage Foundation.Question 15 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsSome companies have created a department of corporate citizenship to:A. adopt the United Nations’ Global Compact Principles.B. decentralize under common leadership wide-ranging corporate citizenship functions.C. centralize under common leadership wide-ranging corporate citizenship functions.D. narrow the job of the public relations office.Question 16 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich is an example of a social and political reform that has led to the acceleration of globalization?A. Economic sanctions against North KoreaB. Efforts to deter drug trafficking from ColombiaC. The collapse of former communist states of central and eastern EuropeD. The European Union’s penalties against Microsoft for unfair competitionQuestion 17 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen a company puts its commitment to social and environmental responsibility into practice worldwide, not only locally or regionally, it is called:A. corporate social responsibility.B. global sustainability.C. global corporate citizenship.D. community investing.Question 18 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsAn individual who is a supporter of globalization would argue that it helps the developing world by:A. giving entrepreneurs access to foreign investment funds to support economic development.B. allowing new ideas and technological innovations to spread quickly.C. providing people in developing countries with more jobs.D. All of the aboveQuestion 19 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following organizations have developed standards to judge corporate performance?A. International Organisation for Standards.B. Global Development Initiative.C. Institute of Accountability.D. All of the aboveQuestion 20 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsThe purpose of the World Trade Organization is to:A. impose barriers to free trade among nations.B. eliminate barriers to free trade among nations.C. develop trading partnerships between rich and poor nations.D. decrease globalization and free trade.Part 2 of 2 – 85.0/ 100.0 PointsQuestion 21 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsBeing able to continue their activities indefinitely, without altering the carrying capacity of the earth’s ecosystem, is a characteristic of:A. ecologically sustainable organizations.B. concerned citizens.C. codes of environmental conduct.D. environmental regulations.Question 22 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is an example of a nonrenewable resource?A. CoalB. Fresh waterC. TimberD. FishQuestion 23 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsBy promoting the use of clean cookstoves in developing nations, a global alliance hopes to reduce:A. deforestation.B. the burning of fossil fuels.C. black carbon.D. methane.Question 24 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following statements is NOT true about the population?A. The world population will peak at over 11 billion people around the year 2100.B. For many thousands of years, population growth was gradual.C. Industrial production would have to quintuple over the next 40 years in order to maintain the same living standard that people have now, given expected population growth.D. Just 10,000 years ago, the earth was home to no more than 10 million humans, scattered in small settlements.Question 25 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhen businesses form voluntary, collaborative partnerships with environmental organizations and regulators to achieve specific objectives this is called:A. inter-organizational alliances.B. environmental partnerships.C. cross-functional teams.D. command and control.Question 26 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following countries has NOT ratified the Kyoto Protocol?A. GermanyB. FranceC. United StatesD. United KingdomQuestion 27 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWith respect to fresh water, according to one estimate, if it were possible to eliminate pollution, capture all available fresh water, and distribute fresh water equitably:A. demand would exceed supply within a hundred years.B. there would be a balance between demand and supply within a hundred years.C. supply would exceed demand within a hundred years.D. None of the aboveQuestion 28 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsThe idea that companies have a continuing responsibility for the environmental impact of their products or services, even after they are sold, is called:A. life-cycle analysis.B. product life responsibility.C. extended producer responsibility.D. extended producer commitment.Question 29 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsEnvironmental regulations stimulate some sectors of the economy by:A. creating jobs in industries like environmental consulting, asbestos abatement, and instrument manufacturing.B. saving jobs in industries like fishing and tourism when natural areas are protected or restored.C. compelling businesses to become more efficient by conserving energy.D. All of the aboveQuestion 30 of 400.0/ 5.0 PointsThe Carbon Disclosure Project found that:A. companies that invested in climate change lost total revenue.B. companies in the railroad industry could not help the environment.C. companies could help the environment and their investors simultaneously.D. companies that were “carbon performance leaders†returned less total return to their investors than their peers.Question 31 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsA thin layer of gas that protects the earth from excessive ultraviolet radiation from the sun is:A. ozone.B. carbon dioxide.C. methane.D. oxygen.Question 32 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT a possible cost of environmental regulation?A. UnemploymentB. Reduced capital investmentC. Corporate restructuringD. Lowered productivityQuestion 33 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT true about the guidelines for sentencing environmental wrongdoers set by the U.S. Sentencing Commission?A. The penalties reflect the severity of the offense and the company’s demonstrated environmental commitment.B. Businesses having an active compliance program would receive lighter sentences in the event of a violation.C. Businesses having no active compliance program would be granted an extension to develop a program.D. Businesses that promptly assisted any victims would receive lighter sentences in the event of a violation.Question 34 of 405.0/ 5.0 PointsSome researchers believe that business firms moving towards ecological sustainability results in:A

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